American Foursquare – a style of architecture which was popular in the United States since the mid-1890s to the late 1930s. He has appeared as a reaction to the mass production of decorative elements in Victorian style as the most rational option.
A distinctive feature of style essentially square shape, two and a half floors. Almost always home has a large porch with stairs and square rooms and wooden arches between rooms in interior. In the basement, usually standing boiler. Finishing facades often performed from the siding or brick red (on the north).
This style includes elements of the Craftsman and Prairie styles. In general, this style is a “classic American”, that does not mean anything.
American Foursquare or Prairie Box was a post-Victorian style that shared many features with the Prairie style architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. At the beginning of the 1900s and 1910s, Wright even designed his own version of the Foursquare on, including Robert M. Lamp House, A Fireproof House for $ 5,000.
Unlike other styles of houses, Wright’s version featured a more open floor plans are mainly achieved by removing or reducing the corridor between the entrance hall, living room and dining room. He has been inspired by other architects of the Prairie School, such as Walter Burley Griffin to develop Foursquare direction in the coming decades.
Later Foursquares often had the same type of interiors like bungalows with open floor plan, numerous built-in modules (racks, cabinets, wardrobes, benches) and a fireplace. Many of the buildings are decorated with tiled roofs, decorative cornices and other items taken from the Craftsman style of the Italian Renaissance and Spanish colonial architecture.