Architecture styles of USA: Tuscan

Homes in the Tuscan style is most easily recognized by the narrow high-arched windows, exterior ocher or yellow-olive color and wrought iron – gates and wall lamps for outdoor luminaires. Tracks in front of house usually built of ceramic terracotta tiles, in the garden can be a small fountain and a few decorative arches.


Tuscan style villas directly continues the style in the original Italian region of Tuscany.

 

The interior in the Tuscan style are often identified by the forged elements, terracotta floor tiles and rough plastered walls. Very often in the interior design can be found forged products (lamps, chandeliers, etc.), antique carpets, windows without curtains. Many beds have turrets and canopies.


The interior is made up usually of three colors – yellow, red and brown, to which is added with terracotta tiles and wrought-iron elements.

Architecture styles of USA: Shingle (Coastal)

Shingle characterized by the fact of continuous coating of the roof and walls of wooden shingles. In some homes, the entire facade is decorate with shinle, in other – part of the house is finished with siding. Such houses are characteristic of the US East Coast were it was popular in the years 1880-1900.
Typically, these houses are summer residences of wealthy families from New York, Boston, and similar cities on the Atlantic coast.
Features Shingle Style
The facade and roof are finished with shingles (patterned tiles)
Irregular roof line, in which cuts are frequent skylights
Cross gables
The asymmetrical arrangement of windows

Architecture Styles of USA: Neoclassic

Neoclassic – this an eclectic style of architecture in the United States, who was born in the middle of the 20th century and still very popular today. Houses in this style may contain elements of traditional American home styles such as Creole, Victorian, Greek Revival, French Eclectic and other styles, but their main feature is that they are all built relatively recently, all of them under the age of 60 years (built after 1950), and many of them are less than 25 years, although they skillfully copied elements of the old style.
Their main feature is in addition to the age of the love of a white decorative elements, columns in different styles, the decor in light classical style. So, private architecture in the United States is committed to a bright, clean, concise way of traditional luxury home. Those. It is simple – the new American luxury house with a love of tradition.

Architecture Styles of USA: Double-Gallery (Charleston Single)

Double Gallery-style house popular on the South of the United States (Charleston, New Orlean), which has a double gallery (one above one) with columns (rectangular, thin, or Greek round). Such narrowly house facade, situated on a small lot in the city, can be a cottage or small condo (B&B).
That the building type was derived from vernacular structures of Barbados and was popular in period of 1700-1890.

His type of finish is siding or brick, usually white wooden wrought or black iron railings. Tow- or three-story (+can be mansard) format. Sometimes home in this style have even three galleries, each one above the other.
Also house have narrow and high windows, low-pitched roof, shutters for windows and often white color facade (or pastel colors: lavender, light-pink). This style has a distinct French roots, it is popular in states such as South Carolina and adjacent to New Orleans.

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Architecture Styles USA: Pacific (Seattle)

This style is popular on the Pacific coast of the United States, including the city of Seattle. It is characterized by an asymmetrical shape, trim siding facades and wooden shingles, natural forest- or marine- colours facades. Many homes are located on the hills and have good views. The state of Washington is also full of old trees, which gives the home a special ambiance.


The facade can be additionally decorated with a decorative stone. The average size of the house has 3 bedrooms, 2.5 bathrooms, cost about 300 thousand dollars.

Architecture styles of USA: Split-level style

Split-level style is characterized by an unusual asymmetrical layout and innovative floor plans, floors where the difference may be only 50% of normal. Thus, the houses are usually three-level, but at the height of a two-level. Most often, a separate volume stands garage.

Architecture styles USA: American Foursquare

American Foursquare – a style of architecture which was popular in the United States since the mid-1890s to the late 1930s. He has appeared as a reaction to the mass production of decorative elements in Victorian style as the most rational option.


A distinctive feature of style essentially square shape, two and a half floors. Almost always home has a large porch with stairs and square rooms and wooden arches between rooms in interior. In the basement, usually standing boiler. Finishing facades often performed from the siding or brick red (on the north).


This style includes elements of the Craftsman and Prairie styles. In general, this style is a “classic American”, that does not mean anything.

American Foursquare or Prairie Box was a post-Victorian style that shared many features with the Prairie style architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. At the beginning of the 1900s and 1910s, Wright even designed his own version of the Foursquare on, including Robert M. Lamp House, A Fireproof House for $ 5,000.


Unlike other styles of houses, Wright’s version featured a more open floor plans are mainly achieved by removing or reducing the corridor between the entrance hall, living room and dining room. He has been inspired by other architects of the Prairie School, such as Walter Burley Griffin to develop Foursquare direction in the coming decades.

Later Foursquares often had the same type of interiors like bungalows with open floor plan, numerous built-in modules (racks, cabinets, wardrobes, benches) and a fireplace. Many of the buildings are decorated with tiled roofs, decorative cornices and other items taken from the Craftsman style of the Italian Renaissance and Spanish colonial architecture.

Architecture styles USA: French Eclectic (Chateau, Châteauesque)

Beautiful, graceful and usually very gorgeous (with French charm), built on the basis of architecture of Chateau looks great! It is against the background of these houses has been done most of the photos “in the style of the American Dream,” which depicted a family with two children, to enter into their new home.

The peak of the construction of these homes has fallen to 1915-1945 years, but continues to this day.

Decorating the exterior often made of decorative stone, the houses of the middle class was also present siding. In the more expensive options of houses in the style of French Eclectic were more complex roof and exterior decoration, as well as the arched doors and windows on the ground floor.


It is this style replaced in the southwest Ranch style. Houses in the style of French Eclectic here were adapted to the local standard spacious areas and become more like the elongated ranch.

Architecture styles USA: Low Country (Tidewater, Creol, French Plantation)

Low Country or Tidewater, which involves the construction on stilts, was formed in the US South because of the unusual geographical conditions. This style became popular in such marshy states like Florida and Georgia, allowing you to build a home is practically “on the water”.

It is widely used for the houses of French planters, therefore, has a third name – French Plantation. For small houses this style can be called Creole Cottage.


Another important characteristic – the iron roof, allowing numerous rains in the region as fast as possible to roll down. The roof can be not only gray, but also red color, which, however, is much more rare.


Also, this style is almost always mixed with the popular in the southern states Creole style, moreover, it is identical to it in many ways. Creole Cottage Style – a term that is used loosely type of folk architecture of the indigenous population in the US Gulf Coast (Creole language spoken in Haiti).

Style was dominant along the central Gulf Coast region in the US with about 1790 to 1840, in the former French colonies in states like Louise’s, Alabama, Mississippi.

It is believed that the style is also drawing from the styles of French Colonial and English colonial. In some of the former estates of the planters can be traced even style Greek Revival (look at the building with big columns).
The result is a style that is very eclectic, and it converges World History: English, French, Haitians and even the ancient Greeks. From the French home in the Low Country style got narrow and high windows, the Greeks – columns.
Features Low Country style

Construction is carried out on wooden stilts

The building, as a rule, is surrounded by a large veranda

Iron roof

Front color is white, but there are also bright variety – turquoise, pink, yellow, especially in the tourist areas of Florida

The front door is often glass inserts

Wide railing on the porch, lots of columns

Multiple windows

A small window in the attic in the middle of the front or embedded full window in the attic

Architecture Styles of USA: California Bungalow

California is home to American-style bungalows, which were significant for the whole country and later also spread to the south of the country. Comfortable, rational square plan with a maximum practical use of every square meter made this style popular among young families and lower social class.


There are two types of Californian bungalows – some have a massive appearance (photo below , aldo called Craftsman Bungalow), and other ultra-simple. Both types can be called a California bungalow.

Features style California Bungalow:

1-1.5 floor

Sloping roof supported by columns

Spacious frontal porch (not necessarily)

The two basic color schemes for exterior: dark shades – brown, blue, green, red; light colors – white, pink, yellow.

Open brackets and other parts in the Craftsman style to San Fran, and a simple facade for Los Angeles

Ethnic Spanish parts – sometimes on South